The national legislature of Israel is called the Knesset. It is the unicameral national parliament of Israel, consisting of 120 members who are elected by proportional representation. The Knesset is responsible for enacting laws, overseeing the work of the government, and serving as a forum for the expression of the will of the people. It is located in Jerusalem, the capital of Israel.
The Knesset was established in 1949, following the adoption of Israel’s Declaration of Independence in 1948 and the establishment of the State of Israel. It was modeled after the parliamentary systems of other Western democracies, with the goal of providing a framework for democratic governance in the new nation.
The Knesset is composed of members who are elected by the citizens of Israel in national elections. These elections are held every four years, unless the Knesset is dissolved earlier by the President of Israel or by the government. Members of the Knesset are elected from political parties or lists of candidates that are registered with the Central Elections Committee. These parties or lists must receive at least 3.25% of the vote in order to win a seat in the Knesset.
The Knesset has a number of important functions, including the enactment of laws, the oversight of the work of the government, and the representation of the will of the people. In order to become law, a bill must be approved by a majority of the members of the Knesset and signed by the President of Israel. The Knesset also has the power to impeach the President or the Prime Minister, if necessary.
In addition to its legislative functions, the Knesset serves as a forum for the expression of the views and concerns of the people of Israel. Members of the Knesset have the opportunity to raise issues and question the government on matters of national importance. The Knesset also has a number of committees that are responsible for dealing with specific issues, such as foreign affairs, defense, finance, and education.
The Knesset is led by a Speaker, who is elected by the members of the Knesset from among their own ranks. The Speaker is responsible for managing the work of the Knesset and for maintaining order during its proceedings. The Speaker is assisted by a number of deputy speakers and other officials, who help to ensure that the work of the Knesset is conducted smoothly.
In addition to the 120 members of the Knesset, there are also a number of other officials who play important roles in the functioning of the national legislature. These include the Secretary General of the Knesset, who is responsible for managing the administrative affairs of the Knesset, and the Knesset Legal Advisor, who provides legal advice to the Knesset and its members.
Overall, the Knesset plays a vital role in the democratic governance of Israel, providing a forum for the expression of the will of the people and serving as a check on the power of the government. It is an important institution in the political life of the nation, and is integral to the maintenance of a healthy democracy in Israel.